I-140 Form Essentials: Understanding the Immigrant Petition for Alien Workers

Law Phrase Logo Law Phrase    29-01-2024


The I-140 Form, officially known as the Immigrant Petition for Alien Workers, is a crucial document in the United States immigration process. This form is submitted to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) by employers looking to hire foreign nationals to work permanently in the United States. It is the second step in the employment-based green card process following the labor certification, provided that certification is required for the specific job position. Our thorough understanding of this form and its associated procedures ensures that employers and potential employees alike navigate this step effectively.

Completing the i 140 form immigrant petition for alien workers requires accurate and detailed information about the employer, the job position, and the foreign employee. The form creates a path for non-U.S. workers in various professions—including but not limited to scientists, artists, and managers—to secure a more permanent status in the country based on their job skills and employment offers. Our adherence to the comprehensive guidelines set by USCIS is essential in avoiding delays or rejections. Therefore, we pay close attention to the instructions, ensuring that all the necessary supporting documentation is in order and submitted timely.

Our role involves more than just processing paperwork; we enable highly skilled individuals to contribute to the U.S. economy and society. Working with the USCIS, we assist those who seek to advance their careers and those employers who strive to bring essential talent to their businesses. By collaborating closely with all parties and staying informed on policy updates, we maintain compliance with immigration laws and contribute to the successful outcome of each petition.

Understanding the I-140 Form

As we explore the I-140 form, we need to understand its purpose in the immigration process as well as the various categories under which an individual may be eligible. This form is a pivotal step for an alien worker seeking permanent residency in the United States through employment.

Purpose and Types of I-140 Petitions

The I-140, known as the Immigrant Petition for Alien Workers, is a form submitted to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Its primary role is to request permanent residency for an alien worker based on employment. Different classifications under the I-140 cater to diverse professional backgrounds and skills:

  • EB-1: For individuals with extraordinary ability, outstanding professors and researchers, or certain multinational executives and managers.
  • EB-2: Includes professionals holding advanced degrees or individuals with exceptional ability, often also benefiting from a National Interest Waiver.
  • EB-3: Encompasses skilled workers, professionals, and other workers with less than two years of experience or training.

Eligibility and Classification

Eligibility for filing an I-140 petition hinges on the classification under which the alien worker falls. The criteria are specific and must be met for the petition to be approved:

  • Extraordinary Ability (EB-1A): Evidence of a one-time achievement (i.e., Pulitzer, Oscar, Olympic Medal) or three of ten listed criteria.
  • Outstanding Professor and Researchers (EB-1B): Must demonstrate international recognition for outstanding achievements in a particular academic field.
  • Advanced Degree (EB-2): The job must require an advanced degree and the alien must possess such a degree or its equivalent (a baccalaureate degree plus 5 years of progressive work experience in the field).
  • Exceptional Ability (EB-2): Must meet at least three of six listed criteria.
  • National Interest Waiver (EB-2): The alien requests that the Labor Certification be waived because it is in the interest of the United States.
  • Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Other Workers (EB-3): Requires a full-time job offer and labor certification. Skilled workers must have at least two years of job experience or training. Professionals must possess a U.S. baccalaureate degree or foreign equivalent. Other workers are individuals performing unskilled labor requiring less than two years of training or experience.

We ensure that applicants and employers alike are informed about the detailed requirements and proper classification for each petition, thereby aligning their goals with the legal parameters set forth by USCIS.

Filing and Processing Procedures

When filing the I-140 form, it is crucial to understand the steps involved and comply with all requirements. This ensures that the application is processed smoothly and efficiently.

  • Submission Requirements: To submit an I-140 form, commonly known as the Immigrant Petition for Alien Workers, one must include the Labor Certification obtained from the Department of Labor, if required for the specific visa category. The petition must be accompanied by the relevant supporting documents to evidence the beneficiary’s qualifications. The filing fee, payable via check, money order, or credit card, is also required upon submission. Petitions should be sent to the correct filing address, which may be a Direct Filing Address or a Service Center, as listed on the USCIS Website. It is critical to follow the specific mailing address instructions to reduce the risk of delays.
  • Premium Processing Option: Applicants have the option to use Form I-907 to request the Premium Processing Service for their I-140 petition. This service expedites the processing time, usually guaranteeing a response within 15 calendar days, for an additional fee. Payment can be made through check, money order, or credit card. It is important to note that not all employment-based preference categories are eligible for premium processing. Should the USCIS issue a Request for Evidence (RFE) or an audit during the expedited review, the 15-day period will reset upon receipt of the additional information from the petitioner.
  • After Submission: From Receipt to Decision: After submission, applicants will receive a Receipt Number to track their case. The USCIS processing times for the I-140 form can vary widely, so applicants should regularly check the USCIS website for updates. During the processing period, applicants may receive an RFE or an audit request, which requires a prompt response to avoid delays. If an applicant is filing an Adjustment of Status or engaging in Concurrent Filing, this will impact the steps that follow receipt of the I-140. Upon reaching a Final Decision, if it is unfavorable, applicants have the option to file an appeal. Should circumstances change, withdrawing the petition is also possible. Throughout the process, maintaining clear and ongoing communication with USCIS is vital for a timely and accurate resolution of the case.


In conclusion, navigating the I-140 process is complex but vital for those seeking permanent residency through employment in the U.S. Our commitment to adherence, collaboration, and staying informed ensures successful outcomes. We empower individuals and employers alike, bridging gaps in talent acquisition. Understanding eligibility, classification, and meticulous filing procedures, we guide applicants through each step. From submission to decision, we prioritize communication and compliance, contributing to seamless immigration journeys. Trust us to navigate the I-140 terrain, making dreams of U.S. permanent residency a reality.

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